Completion of this blog will enable me to achieve the learning out comes for Participation in Occupation 1. Using digital technology as a tool for facilitating occupation and therapy, it will also be important to understand ethical issues toward my bachelors in Occupational Therapy
Assistive technology is another facet of the physical environment that can be introduced to enable occupation. A wide range of technology is available to assist people with instrumental aspects of occupational performance such as opening a door, turning on a switch, or holding a fork (Christiansen & Townsend, p.320, 2010).
To me this means that assistive technology can be part of the everyday environment which can help people to participate in everyday occupations. There is an abundance of equipment that helps people from using a computer, to opening a jar or brushing your hair. Even the smallest occupations play a big part in people’s life, if they can participate in doing the smallest occupations it can have a significantly detrimental effect on the quality of their life. Even the photo album below may appear insignificant but it has a major impact on the quality of life of a person who suffers memory loss
Talking photo albums A4 size,cost $98.00
Each of the pages will hold a single 5x7" Photo or Image, (125x175mm).
Record a separate voice message on each page using the built-in microphone.
This book has a number of uses for different people with disabilities and illness. For instance, this book can be ideal for a person with dementia, specifically Alzheimer’s. At the front of the book, the photos could be of the person with the illness and their family, then there could be a recorded note to say what is happening in each photo. As the person continues through their book they can see how people have aged and see milestones that their loved ones and themselves have passed, all with recordings to tell a story on each page about the photo. This limits occupational deprivation through memory-loss to help them reengage in life. It also shows the person's occupation with transition, going from who they were to who they are now.
This website is about people with a similar injury where they can learn more in depth information about strokes, meet new people who have suffered from strokes, and gain support from people and peers that have had the same trauma happen to them. The site makes a lot of information available to the public, such as stroke forums, how to manage a stroke, learning how to tell the signs of an oncoming stroke, and tips and traps of salt reduction.
American Heart Association
This site has tests that you can take to see for yourself whether you are living healthily enough and to measure that you are taking all the steps to avoid suffering a stroke. There are also fact sheets available to print off and keep. The main page contains links to information about healthy living, losing weight, stress management, and nutrition (including fats and oils information). If you are a smoker there are also some tips on how to give it up. There is information on understanding blood pressure and warning signs of heart failure.
The Stroke Foundation Australia contains a wealth of knowledge on things such as: what is a stroke; how to prevent a stroke; how to tell if someone is having a stroke and what to do; and information on life after a stroke. There is a forum that people can post their stories or questions on. This website also has a test to take to see if you are in the right track to a healthy lifestyle. There is research shown from each year, starting from 2008.
On all three websites there is information on how to contact them and how people can contribute by donating money, donating cars, and fundraising and passing the money on. Another way of giving to these foundations and associations is to give your own time by volunteering, joining into fundraising events, or even getting businesses into doing a fun walk to raise awareness of the cause and fundraising at the same time.
Consider material presented in the online package
People generally choose to contribute to the community because everyone knows someone who has suffered from a stroke and want to help in some shape or form. But people who have suffered from a stroke can branch out to others who have suffered the same and help them bring that person's life back to them; giving them the support and understanding of what a stroke victim goes through, and how their life may be affected after a stroke. These sites help individuals who have suffered from strokes by giving them confidence and the understanding of what they have been through, how it happened and how to prevent it.
Without such a strong community, people would have a harder time rehabilitating from a stroke; this minimises occupational deprivation. These individuals within the online community understand that occupational disruption has occurred after suffering from such a traumatic experience and are therefore in a better position to help. These communities assist stroke victims to attain a life as normal as possible after suffering their stroke, all part of maintaining a smooth occupational transition from their life before to their life after their stroke. The communities do this by providing information on what life will be like, personal experiences, and articles on what stroke victims can do to make the transition as easy as possible.
The benefits of these websites are that there is lot of information about strokes, how to avoid having another, what life is like and much more. However, because of the vast amount of information available I found it is so easy to get lost on the website and became bombarded by the information, which could be quite a frightening experience for someone who has just suffered a trauma such as this. Another thing I had difficulty with was doing a test to see if I was on the right type of diet and had a healthy life style. The units used in the questions were all in pounds and I had no idea of the amount of proper food intake as I don’t weigh my food.That aside, I learnt heaps on each website and would encourage others to use it.
introduce a chosen topic of interest drawn from your field work experience or an OT Practice area
Field work two had me located in a special needs school where they would take the children to the local hydrotherapy pool. The class thrived off it as they loved to go swimming. After doing some research I found that the exercises they do in the pool help co ordinate, give the children balance, help relieve spasticity in their arms. Since all the children were wheel chair bound it was great to see how they performed in water with such things as holding onto the edge of the pool and walking along the edge or walking and pulling their legs up as high as they could as they walked from one side of the pool. One of the biggest accomplishments was getting them to blow bubbles underwater which was very rewarding for me as I love the water and didn’t mind showing them and asking them to copy what I was doing.
These are 5 different exercises that we did in the pool.....
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hq3o2z47Tao, this video shows actual activities that i have been personally involved in while on field work placement, this shows how sitting on a floating device can strengthen core muscles, also the girl is able to talk in the pool building up leg and body strength
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hAZxya3pdY, this video shows Ewan walking with his knees up, this is a specific exercise we did with the children to get them to stretch their leg muscles and build upper core strength
My group and I decided to do a one minute film on,occupational deprivation. "Occupational deprivation is a relatively new term which describes a state in which people are precluded from opportunities to engage in occupations of meaning due to factors outside their control"( Whiteford, 2000).We did a brainstorm of how to portray this in a one minute and to be non verbal. We all agreed on a quote that has been used in field work placement regarding occupational deprivation. If you draw it for me, if you cut it for me, if you paint it for me, all I learn is that you can do it better than me. A story board was promptly drawn up, scenes were chosen and tasks were divided. The next day with the story board and correct tools to film the movie (camera, tripod, room for filming and equipment) our team was ready to take on the filming. There was a main actor trying to cut, draw and paint, then each of the group had a turn of taking each occupation away from the main actor. We took six different takes and uploaded them onto the computer, edited the film, added music and it was done. We used a mixed method of delivery, using still picture and motion picture to deliver our message to keep the time down but to still show the message of of occupational deprivation.
Whiteford, G. (2000, May 5). Occupational Deprivation: Global Challenge in the New Millennium. College of Occupational Therapists, 63, 200-204.
Tutorial One: Information Technology and Ethical Issues
My first posting is in regards to Information technology and ethical issues relating to information technology
Informational technology: noun the use of computers, telecommunications, etc in electronic processing, storing, retrieving & sending information. [The Penguin English Dictionary (2004)].
To me this means …….Information Technology is everywhere, it is the everyday devices that we use to communicate with each other, electronically store information and send and receive information.
Consider the definition of IT you have provided. How is this form of technology prevalent in our society? How common place has it becomes.
The development of IT means that information is much more readily available and easily accessible. It has become a very predominant feature in today’s society. For example, rather than sending a letter to someone it is much more common to simply send an email to keep in touch. It has made the world seem a much smaller place because communicating with people on the other side of the world takes a lot less time and effort than it used to. Information can be stored and shared with others via the internet. Children are being educated about IT from a very early age and it soon becomes a part of their everyday life; it makes for an excellent educational tool.
Society has adapted to the development of IT and accepted it as a part of everyday life, at times relying rather heavily on it to carry out everyday functions.
Here is what could be considered as the new alphabet. http://www.google.co.nz/imgres?q=a+is+for+apple,+b+is+for+bluetooth&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1503&bih=603&tbm=isch&tbnid=ZE0iQ9MaHBSIAM:&imgrefurl=https://plus.google.com/117146753287416771341&docid=oddZYMn2RHt0OM&imgurl=https://lh6.googleusercontent.com/-Op1nL6mLy-A/TrTaGAqd9YI/AAAAAAAAQYw/XYQ0Qjcv6j8/alphabet.jpg&w=401&h=301&ei=Ggh0T6C8A5GtiQfhk73kDw&zoom=1
What IT devices or systems do you feel comfortable and competent using?
Smart phone, Lap top, computer, GPS, TV, MI SKY, Video Camera, Camera, Stereo, Car Radio,
Face book, Moodle, Microsoft word
I am not too savvy at using technology and don’t like using it when I don’t know what I am doing. However, I give it a good go as I know that by up skilling the IT tools that I currently have, it will help me when I use them later on in life.
Thinking about your own fieldwork experience and referring to the tutorial readings, and language of occupations’ answer the following questions (these questions are a useful starting point for your following technology application report).
How have you seen IT being used in practice?
I have seen technology and the different types of technology, such as Leap Frog, and tools that have been adapted so disabled people are able to use things that they normally wouldn’t be able to use , such as a touch button instead of a mouse. The same click button can divert and be a egg beater switch.
I have see Wii’s being used for rehab with elderly after they have suffered from a stroke, playing tennis and bowling on the Wii has been a great way to have fun while getting them to use their arm that had once lost function.
What issues exist around OT’s adoption of IT systems and tools?
Sometimes the IT games can jam, run out of batteries or get a virus. There are also copyrights, confidentiality issues to consider when using these systems and tools.
What are some of the ways you can envisage IT use becoming a potential tool in practice?
It has made the world more accessible and expand what we are able to do. In the past occupational therapy has been about making floor mats or weaving baskets to aid fine motor function. Now there are IT devices available that allow the client have fun and enjoy themselves while getting the same or even better therapy by gaining motor function and benefitting from the devices. Teaching clients to use email and cell phones is another form of communication that they can use to keep in touch with family, their therapists but also the outside world which I feel will also be beneficial to clients/patients.
This clip is an example of a typical way in which a Wii console may be able to help people with rehabilitation http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dzYmZt97CcI
I,T devices are great to a certain extent - while having fun we are able to get a full body workout or do brain exercises on Nintendo devices. We need to be aware that not all patients can use these devices due to their health and that nobody should be in front of a TV screen for long periods of time.
What ethical implications arise from the capturing, sharing and transferring or information via IT devices:
Ethical complications are always bound to arise when capturing, sharing, or transferring information via IT devices. Privacy issues of patients/clients or other staff are a big hazard when adopting IT into any workplace. What if the information being shared gets into the wrong hands? Or what if a person does not want information about them being shared? Patient/client confidentiality is a factor that should constantly be kept in mind when sharing capturing, sharing or transferring information.